Chinese Clearinghouse for Evidence Translation in Child & Aging Health
The goal of improving the health condition and quality of life of children and older adults is a substantial social issue. Currently, there are few interventions related to child and aging health in China and existing interventions lack evidence of their quality and adaptability. Certain health interventions that have proved useful in Western countries are inaccessible in the Chinese context without assessment and translation. Therefore, it is necessary to assess feasibility of Western evidence-based interventions and translate those to Chinese contexts. The University of Southern California School of Social Work and the Key Laboratory of Evidence-Based Medicine and Knowledge Translation of Gansu Province at Lanzhou University jointly developed the Chinese Clearinghouse for Evidence Translation in Child & Aging Health (CCET). Scientific committee members from different countries were organized to perform the following work. (1) Evidence translation: Child and aging health advisory committees were created, both of which are composed of experts from the United States and China. Using a standardized assessment tool to measure generalizability to children and older populations in the Chinese context, committee members appraised and selected interventions deemed appropriate for implementation in contemporary China; domestic intervention were also assessed using a predesigned assessment form. (2) Establish CCET website: Evidence in support of translated interventions and other related information or resources were uploaded and displayed on the CCET website. Currently, the CCET consists of six modules: child health and welfare, aging health, assessment scale, reporting standards, and dissemination and implementation. At present, seven child health programs have been translated, addressing five topics. An additional 24 aging health programs have also been translated, relating to eight topics such as depression; a database on aging and depression containing 7,953 citations was developed.
Research methods and evidence-based social work: Providing training in research methods related to social work intervention programs; the application of the evaluation system of the California Evidence-based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare in the field of social work research; and the defining methods of social work and service guidance.
Intervention training and development: Providing training in intervention programs in response to requests from relevant organizations and developing comprehensive intervention projects in cooperation with multidisciplinary teams based on accredited and efficient applications of comprehensive intervention research methods to evaluate intervention projects.
Transforming and evaluating child and aging health projects: Coordinating health improvement projects that cater to the needs of Chinese children and aging populations in accordance with assessment of the generalizability of transnational evidence to solve urgent health problems, and providing users with high-quality research data to improve health intervention projects among children and aging populations in China.
To researchers: CCET disseminates evidence-based social work interventions and focuses on training and the development of intervention projects. Training courses include research methods of social work intervention and the application of systematic assessment in social work research (developing an assessment based on the evaluation system of the California Evidence-based Clearinghouse for Child Welfare). Other goals include conducting intervention research on target population issues in partnership with local health service facilities, using existing evidence of child and aging health as a guide, and improving research quality with report and evaluation standards developed from extensive research.
To decision makers: Targeting significant problems affecting Chinese children and older adults, CCET transfers international practical health and welfare improvement strategies that fit the needs of Chinese clients. The clearinghouse also evaluates the scientific basis and applicability of domestically endorsed health improvement projects. CCET evaluates governmental expenditures related to service projects and offers endorsements and recommendations to qualified social work service facilities. In addition, the clearinghouse reviews governmental decisions regarding consistent support to certain research projects based on their scientific rigor and applicability.
To social work agencies: CCET translates health improvement projects from global partners that apply to the Chinese context and accepts requests from service facilities for training on intervention projects. The clearinghouse offers evidence-based health education based on child and aging health transformation projects. CCET also reviews governmental expenditures based on best practices and lessons learned from previous experiences with regard to transforming and promoting projects, and collaborates with researchers to evaluate intervention projects.